The history of pearling originated long before our era. Even in ancient times people believed in magical healing properties of this amazing stone.
The formation of pearls is indeed a miracle of nature,
since born she’s in the conch shell by getting foreign
tel. In the result of protective reaction of a foreign body enveloped
mother-of-pearl material and formed by a stone of incredible beauty.
What are fishers
“Pearl diver” – so called people who
doing this unsafe industry. First hunters for clams appeared
about 4 thousand years BC in China. Not less common
pearl places are Sri Lanka and Tahiti.
The pearl divers is a courageous and brave men,
who every day put their lives at risk. To get jewels
from the depths of the sea, you need to have the ability to dive to depths of 30-50 metres, and
also to hold the breath more than one minute.
While scuba diving catcher
needs to be very careful, because in the depths of the sea it can
watch for poisonous inhabitants. Many years ago, to protect themselves from toxic
bites, some hunters used special linen suits, gloves,
and exposed skin rubbed with oils. To collect shellfish on the neck hung
the mesh and nose clamped a split bamboo stick.
The necessary skills to hold the air and fall on
the depth of catchers acquired in childhood. Prolonged exposure to salt water and
the sharp drop in pressure when immersed a negative impact on health.
divers, spoke of the high mortality rate among members
A thirty year old diver looked
much older than his years and had significant health problems
such as hypoxia (oxygen starvation), deafness, rheumatism.
In Japan, for many centuries the mining of precious
stone was women. Their skill is determined by the physiological
features that allows Japanese araldica, or AMA,
as they are called, sink to considerable depth and to adapt to
low temperature water.
Some 100 years ago, Japanese women were diving only
mask and loincloth. Their amazing endurance allowed
to be under water about two minutes at a depth of not less than 20 meters. It
difficult craft allowed them enough to earn decent money and becoming
To date, there are very few representatives of this ancient
profession. Most AMA live in Toba on the island of Mikimoto
Pearl. Here you can see nuraldin in the process, and without any
gear and equipment.
The leader in the pearling in Korea since the eighteenth century also belonged to the women. The divers gene have a high efficiency and
endurance, because not everyone will be able to hold out for about two minutes
a depth of 30 meters under water.
In connection with the development of industrial production of pearls,
old craft is slowly disappearing. This is evidenced by the small
the number of Korean nirali living on Jeju island.
Some of them about 80 years.
No less mysterious pearl divers are sea Gypsies, or Bajo, are marine ply
the expanses of South-East Asia. This nomadic people can not imagine their life without
the sea and the land for them only temporary shelter to replenish food
stocks and fresh water, as well as the sale of pearls.
Upholstered on its
boat-houses, they become fishers of gems quite young
age, and quickly learn to dive to a depth of about 30 meters, without
any apparels. Free marine life
full of adventure and danger, but, oddly enough, that’s what makes them
Currently, natural pearls produced in the Persian
Gulf, the Red sea and in the waters of Sri Lanka. The cost is much higher
cultured pearls, which requires such strength of will and endurance
like the pearl divers.
These supermen have a truly incredible
abilities and endurance, which is cultivated for many years. And
this sea pays them with her incredible jewels.